DIOCESE OF LANG SON TO CAO BANG, BISHOP OF LANG SON

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In a land area of 14,945 square kilometers, the dioceseof Lang Son - Cao Bang comprises the three provinces of Cao Bang, Ha Giang & Lang Son.

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Population

End of năm nhâm thìn, the total population of the diocese was 1,787,000. The diocese is home lớn various ethnic groups of Cao Lan, Dao, Hmuốn, Nung, Kinc, San Chi & Tay living together in harmony.

Language

Vietnamese is the main and official language in the area. Other ethnic languages are used within their communities.

History

Lang Son Cao Bang Vicariate was established on Dec. 30, 1913. French Dominicans started the pastoral activities. In 1954, when French troops were defeated by communists in Dien Bien Phu battlefield, 2,500 people accounting for half of the vicariate"s Catholic population moved lớn the south to avoid religious persecution. They left four French clergy & four Vietnamese priests serving local people at 11 parishes và 14 churches. Before the exodus, the vicariate had 26 parishes & 26 churches. After French clergy were expelled from the country or died, Father Vincent Psi Van Du was named bishop of the diocese in 1960 but his episcopal ordination was in 1979 in Bac Ninh diocese. Many Church facilities including the cathedral were collapsed or damaged during the Vietphái mạnh War & Vietnam-Đài Loan Trung Quốc War in 1979. Bisiêu thị Du moved lớn Lang Son City in 1990 after he was isolated at That Khe Church for 31 years. He built the Bishop"s House and two churches before he died in 1998 & left one elderly priest to the diocese. Bishop Joseph Ngo Quang Kiet became bishop of the diocese in 1999. He built the Cathedral & some Church facilities before he became archbisiêu thị of Ha Noi in 2007. Now, Bishop Joseph Dang Duc Ngan, the third Vietnamese prelate of the diocese, and local Catholics try to lớn train missioners và provide faith education for people. Lang Son - Cao Bang diocese is one of nine suffragans of Ha Noi Archdiocese. Its titular is the feast of Saint Dominic, August 8.

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Transportation

Roads and railways mainly liên kết areas in the diocese. There are two border crossings between Vietphái nam and China by train and bus in Lang Son province and seven markets nearby the border between the two countries. Various goods from Đài Loan Trung Quốc are illegally transported into the country through those places.

Climate

Categorized as the transitional climate between subtropical zone and warm temperate zone, Lang Son - Cao Bang features clearly demarcated seasons, sufficient rainfall & plentiful sunlight. The average temperature is 17 khổng lồ 22 degrees Celsius year-round. The annual average rainfall is 1,200-1,600 millimeters & the average sunshine is 1,600 hours year-round.

Economy

Most of local people are dependent on agriculture for their livelihood. Major agricultural crops grown are rice, corn, root vegetables, beans và fruit trees. Many people also raise honey bees và collect và gather fruits in forest for a living.

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Culture

The diocese is home lớn many ethnic groups who own various indigenous cultures. o Cho Tinc Khau Vai or Market of Love in Khau Vai is held once a year and gives opportunities for men và women who could not get married.